Gap Between the Rich and The Poor

Gap Between the Rich and The Poor

The requirement is on the file. My topic is about Does the gap between the rich and the poor affects people’s mental health?

For our SOCI 60 final assignment, please craft a well-organized and carefully thought-out research proposal.

This research proposal will include the following five sections:

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Introduction, Literature Review, Methods, Data Collection, and Feasibility & Ethical Considerations.


Instructions for each of these five components is outlined in detail below.


  • The final paper will be worth a total of 350 points.


The first four components (Introduction, Lit. Review, Methods, Data Collection) will be worth 75 points each.


The fifth component (Feasibility & Ethical Considerations) will be worth 50 points.




  • Your goal in creating this research proposal is to demonstrate an understanding of the components of the social research process that we have explored throughout our quarter together. Additionally, this final paper provides a space in which each of us can elaborate our unique research questions and research process in fuller detail.



  • In doing so, we will synthesize our course materials and discussion boards into an organized and more concrete form. In doing so, we will make each of the social research elements we have studied this term ‘come alive’ in the context of our own interests and questions about the social world. Please have fun and make your final

research proposal your own! 😊



  • Please aim to construct a research proposal that could feasibly be completed within 1 academic quarter (approximately 10-12 weeks).
  • Please use Times New Roman font and please double space.
  • Please insert page numbers and a header with your full name and our course info (SOCI 60).



***Please Note*** – Our final paper does not require ‘outside’ research – you will not be required to conduct the research being proposed in the final paper. Conducting this or additional research projects is a task that will occur in further advanced research and methods courses.

In other words, for our final, you are only required to set up a partial research proposal – what you would do if you were to go on to conduct this research.



***Please Note*** – As you address each of the five sections of the final prompt, please reflect upon your research question and method of choice. Depending on the method you have chosen to study your research question, not all questions will apply to your final paper. Please use your judgment to identify the questions that are applicable to your research question and method and address those in your final paper.

















  • Part One: Introduction. 1 page

What is your research going to do that is insightful, useful, significant?

The introduction tells your audience very specifically what you are studying and why. It lets your readers know right away what the rest of the paper will address and why they should care.

Please address the following:

What is your general research topic? What general issue are you going to investigate?

What is your specific research question? What, exactly, is the question your research is aiming to answer?

Why is this topic of interest? Why is your specific research question important to study?

There are several reasons why your research question may be important. In order to fulfil this part of the introduction you might answer one or more of the following questions:

Are you aiming to solve a particular problem?

Are you aiming to collect and analyze more information about a particular social concern?

Are you testing a theory?

Are you aiming to apply information to a new or ongoing social issue?

Are you gathering new exploratory data that has not been analyzed much or at all?

  • Part Two: Literature Review. 2 pages

The literature review provides the reader further context so that they know how your research relates to, but is also different from, previous research conducted on your research question or broader topic of interest (if little prior research has been conducted on your question). Literature reviews help orient the reader to previous research so that they can better understand how your research provides a helpful contribution to a field or topic. Literature reviews also signal to the reader that you have a good grasp of the existing research on your topic. The goal of a literature review is to signal to your readers that the research you are conducting is needed to further or better explain a phenomenon or answer a question.

Using a minimum of six scholarly articles, please briefly summarize the research that has been conducted relating to your topic and question:

How have previous researchers conducted their research and what did they find?

  • What were their specific research questions?
  • What method(s) did they use to conduct their research?
  • What kinds of samples did they draw?
  • How did they conduct their data analysis?
  • What were their main conclusions?
  • Did they encounter any limitations or problems along the way (that they reported)?
  • Did they suggest possibilities for further research?

How is your research both connected to but also importantly distinct from, previous research?

How does your research question relate to the previous research?

In what ways does your research question and study build off of, elaborate upon, respond to, or test previous research?

Are you filling in a gap that previous research has not studied yet? Are you testing different hypothesis? Are you collecting data from different samples? Using different methods?






















Part Three: Method/Methodology. 2-3 pages

The methods section tells the readers how you conducted your research and why you chose to conduct it in this particular way. The methods section tells the readers who/what was investigated, how and why they were selected for inclusion in the study, and how and why variables were conceptualized and operationalized in a particular way. The methods section may also speak to concerns regarding sources of bias and how objectivity was maximized throughout the study.

Please address the following:

  • What research method will you use to investigate your research question?
  • Why is your research method an appropriate choice? What makes this method the best ‘fit’ for what you are trying to answer?
  • What are your hypotheses (or working hunches if you do not have formal hypotheses)?
  • What are your main variables? Why have you chosen to study these particular variables?
  • If your study will include an independent variable, what is it? Why is this IV an appropriate choice given your research question?
  • If your study will include dependent variables, what are they? Why are these DVs an appropriate choice given your research question?
  • How will you conceptualize [precisely and systematically define] each of your variables? Please be as specific as possible.
  • How will you operationalize [measure] each of your variables? Please be as specific as possible.
  • Who/what exactly are you going to be studying?
  • What is your population of interest?
  • How many participants/subjects/objects will you study? How will you access these participants/objects?
  • What sampling methods will you use? How will you select participants/subjects/content analysis objects? Why are you using these sampling methods? What makes them an appropriate choice, given your research question?
  • Will your results be generalizable or not? Why or why not?
  • What are the potential sources of bias in your study? How will you reduce the possibility of bias?
  • How will you ensure that your findings are as objective and valid as possible, given your research question and method?










Part Four: Data Collection. 1-2 pages

An overview of your data collection process would usually be a part of the Methods section (or vice versa). For clarity and organization for our final paper, Data Collection will constitute its own section.


In this section, please provide a detailed breakdown of the specific research instrument you would use as part of your overall research method to answer your research question. In other words, please construct a truncated version of the series of interview or focus group questions you would use, the survey you would distribute, the observation note-keeping you would keep, the guide you would apply to organize your quantitative or qualitative content analysis, etc.


***Note – It may be helpful to think about this Data Collection Section in tandem with your Methods section as discussed above. This may help you gain clarity on the best way to conceptualize and operationalize variables.


For Interviews/Focus Groups/Ethnographic Research

Please construct an interview guide with 10 carefully crafted questions aimed at addressing your research question.


How will you establish rapport with your participants?


What patterns do you initially expect to emerge from the interviews?








For Observation Research

Please identify the location(s) from which you would collect your observations.


Why are these locations appropriate given your research question?


Are they public? Semi-private? Private? If not public, how will you secure (ethically!) access to your observation locations?


What days and times will you observe? How many times will you observe in these locations? For how long will you observe for each observation?



For Survey Research

Please construct a questionnaire with 10 carefully crafted survey items (questions and response categories).


How many surveys will you distribute? Please indicate your survey delivery method(s).



For Existing Survey or Statistical Research

Please identify 3-5 data repositories that contain data useful for answering your research question.


What variables do these existing databases contain that are directly useful to your study? Are they missing any key variables for your research?


How will you use this existing data to test your own hypotheses?




For Content Analysis

Please construct a quantitative or a qualitative guide to be used for your objects of analysis. What objects are you analyzing? How will you gain access to these materials? How many objects/pieces of data will you collect?


If you are conducting quantitative content analysis, what characteristics/features will you be identifying and counting?


If you are conducting qualitative content analysis, what characteristics/features will you be identifying? What open-ended questions (at least five) about the content will you be asking?



For Experimental/Evaluation Research

Please explain how you would conduct your experiment/evaluation research.


Where would the research be conducted? Why? How will you gain access to the necessary research location and research subjects?


Will you have a control group? If not, why not? Will participants be randomly assigned to experimental and control groups? If not, why not?


Will you have a pretest? What would the pretest measure and how? Will you have more than one posttest? What will the posttest(s) measure and how?


How, specifically, would you gather data as part of your research – Observations? Surveys? Interviews?



Part Five: Feasibility and Ethical Considerations. 1 page

While not always addressed in a separate section, it is always crucial to carefully think through each step of your proposed research before beginning your study. Before research begins, you may be required to submit your research proposal to an Institutional review Board (IRB) or comparable research ethics committee for approval. Even if your research does not require formal approval, every social research must adhere to strict ethical guidelines throughout the research process. Ensuring the well-being of all involved in your research is a top priority.

Given your research proposal as outlined above, please reflect on the following:

How will you secure informed consent from all research participants?

Does your research present potential risks or harm for research participants?

What steps will you take to ensure confidentiality or anonymity for research participants?

Will your research involve deception? If so, what is the justification for this deception? If deception is present in your study, how will you debrief participants?

Given your research proposal as outlined above, please reflect on the following:

What is the projected timeline of your project? (Remember that our goal is a project that could feasibly be completed in approximately 10-12 weeks).

What are the projected sources of cost (what will you need to find money for)?